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Friday, December 20, 2013

Top 10 Stunning Volcanoes Around the World

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They are active, dangerous, sometimes causing devastating results, but also creating a fertile soil around them – the volcanoes have been worshiped and feared for ages. Even today some locals make sacrifices to “calm” the volcano down. Here are ten amazing volcanoes, that are active, impressive and definitely worth seeing in your lifetime.

1. Mauna Loa, Hawaii
Mauna Loa is one of five volcanoes that form the Island of Hawaii in the U.S. state of Hawaiʻi in the Pacific Ocean. Mauna Loa is the largest subaerial volcano in both mass and volume, and has historically been considered the largest volcano on Earth. It is an active shield volcano, with a volume estimated at approximately 18,000 cubic miles, although its peak is about 120 feet lower than that of its neighbor, Mauna Kea.
Mauna Loa, Hawaii - Top 10 Stunning Volcanoes Around the World

2. Mount Fuji, Tokyo, Japan
Mount Fuji, located on Honshu Island, is the highest mountain in Japan at 3,776.24 m (12,389 ft). An active stratovolcano that last erupted in 1707–08, Mount Fuji lies about 100 kilometres (60 mi) south-west of Tokyo, and can be seen from there on a clear day. Mount Fuji's exceptionally symmetrical cone, which is snow-capped several months a year, is a well-known symbol of Japan and it is frequently depicted in art and photographs, as well as visited by sightseers and climbers. It is one of Japan's "Three Holy Mountains" along with Mount Tate and Mount Haku; it is a Special Place of Scenic Beauty, a Historic Site, and was added to the World Heritage List as a Cultural Site on June 22nd, 2013.
Mount Fuji, Tokyo, Japan - Top 10 Stunning Volcanoes Around the World

3. Mayon Volcano, Albay, Philippines
Mayon Volcano, also known as Mount Mayon, is an active volcano in the province of Albay, on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. Renowned as the "perfect cone" because of its almost symmetric conical shape, Mayon forms the northern boundary of Legazpi City, the largest city in terms of population in the Bicol Region. The mountain was first declared as a national park and a protected landscape on July 20, 1938 in the country. It was reclassified and renamed as Mayon Volcano Natural Park in the year 2000.
Mayon Volcano, Albay, Philippines - Top 10 Stunning Volcanoes Around the World

4. Mount St. Helens, Washington, USA
Mount St. Helens (known as Lawetlat'la to the indigenous Cowlitz people, and Loowit to the Klickitat) is an active stratovolcano located in Skamania County, Washington, in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. It is 96 miles (154 km) south of Seattle, Washington, and 50 miles (80 km) northeast of Portland, Oregon. Mount St. Helens takes its English name from the British diplomat Lord St Helens, a friend of explorer George Vancouver who made a survey of the area in the late 18th century.
Mount St. Helens, Washington, USA - Top 10 Stunning Volcanoes Around the World

5. Popocatépetl Volcano, Mexico
Popocatépetl (Spanish About this sound popoka'tepet͡ɬ (help·info) Nahuatl is a hyperactive volcano, and Mexico's most hyperactive one located in the states of Puebla, State of Mexico, and Morelos, in Central Mexico, and lies in the eastern half of the Trans-Mexican volcanic belt. At 5,426 m (17,802 ft) it is the second highest peak in Mexico, after the Pico de Orizaba at 5,636 m (18,491 ft).
Popocatépetl Volcano, Mexico - Top 10 Stunning Volcanoes Around the World

6. Arenal Volcano, Costa Rica
Arenal Volcano, in Spanish Volcán Arenal, is an active andesitic stratovolcano in north-western Costa Rica around 90 km northwest of San José, in the province of Alajuela, canton of San Carlos, and district of La Fortuna. The Arenal volcano measures at least 1,633 metres (5,358 ft). It is conically shaped with a crater spanning 140 metres (460 ft). Geologically, Arenal is considered a young volcano and the age is estimated to be less than 7,500 years. It is also known as "Pan de Azúcar", "Canaste", "Volcan Costa Rica", "Volcan Río Frío" or "Guatusos Peak".
Arenal Volcano, Costa Rica - Top 10 Stunning Volcanoes Around the World

7. Mount Bromo and Mount Semeru, East Java, Indonesia
Mount Bromo, is an active volcano and part of the Tengger massif, in East Java, Indonesia. At 2,329 metres (7,641 ft) it is not the highest peak of the massif, but is the most well known. The massif area is one of the most visited tourist attractions in East Java, Indonesia. The volcano belongs to the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park. The name of Bromo derived from Javanese pronunciation of Brahma, the Hindu creator god.
Mount Bromo and Mount Semeru, East Java, Indonesia - Top 10 Stunning Volcanoes Around the World

8. Mount Kilimanjaro, Kilimanjaro National Park, Tanzania
Kilimanjaro, with its three volcanic cones, Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira, is a dormant volcanic mountain in Kilimanjaro National Park, Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania. It is the highest mountain in Tanzania, the highest mountain in Africa, and the highest free-standing mountain in the world at 5,895 metres or 19,341 feet above sea level.
Mount Kilimanjaro, Kilimanjaro National Park, Tanzania - Top 10 Stunning Volcanoes Around the World

9. Etna, Catania, Sicily, Italy
Mount Etna is an active stratovolcano on the east coast of Sicily, Italy, close to Messina and Catania. It lies above the convergent plate margin between the African Plate and the Eurasian Plate. It is the tallest active volcano on the European continent, currently 3,329 m (10,922 ft) high, though this varies with summit eruptions. It is the highest mountain in Italy south of the Alps. Etna covers an area of 1,190 km2 (459 sq mi) with a basal circumference of 140 km. This makes it by far the largest of the three active volcanoes in Italy, being about two and a half times the height of the next largest, Mount Vesuvius.
Etna, Catania, Sicily, Italy - Top 10 Stunning Volcanoes Around the World

10. The Maelifell Volcano, Iceland
Located on the edge of Myrdalsjökull glacier, the Maelifell volcano has a perfect cone and a green surface, covered with moss. The black soil around the 200 m (656 ft) tall volcano creates a surreal landscape.
The Maelifell Volcano, Iceland - Top 10 Stunning Volcanoes Around the World
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